One of the first mechanics I came across when learning simple game programming in Unity was objects identifying other objects. Whether it be a collider collision, raycast or other function you require a way to identify the object and decide what to do about the object you have found.
Basic tutorials cover using tags and layers to identify objects and their purpose, but almost all of these tutorials use string comparisons. String comparisons are a very inefficient way to implement logic. Don’t get me wrong; they are a very simple and easy way to learn basic Unity approaches, but they aren’t the most scalable.
Its often a good idea to get in the habit of writing efficient code early on to prevent having to refactor an entire project 6 months later.
With this in mind I investigated deeper. Tags can only be compared by string comparisons, but Layers have an integer value in addition to their string “name” component. With this connection we can easily use an integer LayerMask to perform actions such as (but not limited to);
- limit a RayCast to register hits only against a specific Layer (or Layers)
- check a GameObjects layer value in a collision or trigger
This works great, and we can make the “Wall” input into a property on our script so the implementation is more flexible.
Next Up: Checking a GameObjects layer against multiple LayerMasks
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